[Answerkey] UPSC Prelim-2016: Environment, Agriculture, Geography, Flora-Fauna, Summits, with Explanations for all CSAT Sets A, B, C and D

[Answerkey] UPSC Prelim-2016: Environment, Agriculture, Geography, Flora-Fauna, Summits, with Explanations for all CSAT Sets A, B, C and D

  1. Environment Biodiversity compared to last year UPSC
    1. Road ahead for Environment, biodiversity
    2. Conclusion: 2016 GS Paper- overall current and toughness
    3. Environment: International Treaties / Org: 10 MCQs
    4. Environment: National Schemes/Yearbook type: 6 MCQs
    5. Environment: Flora-Fauna: 5 MCQs
  2. Geography and Agriculture compared to last year
    1. Road ahead for Geography and Agriculture
    2. Geography: 4 MCQs; 1 From NCERT
    3. Agriculture: 5 MCQs

Environment Biodiversity compared to last year UPSC

UPSC CSAT 2016 Prelim Answerkey

2015 2016
Yearbook type: Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee asked. It was given on Page 303 of IYB-2015. Ganga Basin Authority asked – but it’s given in IYB-2014.
International treaties / org: asked about

  • low-profile org. such as Biocarbon fund, Forest carbon facility, birdlife international.
  • RIO+20 asked. (it was held 20 years after the first earth summit @Rio).
  • Lunacy of low-profile org. MCQ continues- this time TEEB, GHG-protocol, Desertification convention etc.
  • Rio-Prem continues. SDG, Agenda-21 asked (both having connections to original Rio summit of ’92)
Good number of questions from topics that were hot 2 Mains ago e.g. Ganga authority, Net Metering, Kasturi-Gadgil etc.
MCQs on Environmental R&D e.g. Biotoillets, IndARC, fuel cells. None.
Flora fauna

  • National aquatic animal
  • Mammal-dudong- where found, lifestyle
  • Good no. of MCQs on climate-forest types, park-vegetation, dominant tree species.
Flora fauna

  • State butterfly
  • Mammal- Kharai Camel.
  • Only one- on red sanders.

For environment, As such the 2016’s paper is more- like 2015’s paper i.e. Majority of MCQs in easy to medium category. Unlike 2014’s paper where environment was a very tough cookie to crack.

Road ahead for Environment, biodiversity

  • Since UPSC has combined the preliminary exams of both civil services and forest service, therefore, 1) significant portion of the paper will be occupied by this topic 2) some of the questions will be rather tough/technical for ordinary aspirant.
  • But all in all, not too much outside the conventions sources i.e. NCERT, NIOS, ShankarIAS and Mrunal’s lecture videos on the international summits. Preparation should be centered around this circle.

Conclusion: 2016 Prelim GS-Paper- overall current and toughness

With this article, general studies Answerkey is over. So how does the overall paper look like?
UPSC CSAT 2016 Prelim Answerkey Current Affairs Tough

38
  • Is the number of questions asked from Current Affairs
  • From 2015: 2 from April, 1 from May, 2 from Jun-July, 2 from September, 3 from October, 1 from November.
  • From 2016: 1 from feb, 1 from April, 2 from Jun-July.
  • Remaining MCQs were such that sporadically came everyone in while in newspaper, so difficult to fix month and date. But all in all, majority of the current affairs question were from last year (2015). And no more than 3 MCQs from any individual month.
62
  • Is the number of questions asked from Theory. If matter happened two mains ago, then also I count it as theory rather than current e.g. project Loon, Air Quality index, BRICS Banks, Bitcoins, BEPS, Mangalyan etc.
  • Good no. of these ‘contemporary/theory’ question were from the year 2014.
Toughness Yes this is completely subjective classification: Out of total 100 GS questions

  • 49: easy– verbatim given in NCERT, Mrunal and other routine sources, and were easy to remember and recall in exam hall.
  • 18 medium (medium for first timers, easy for senior players having experience of 1 or 2 mains)
  • 33: tough questions i.e. A) either not available in routine books, newspaper reading; had to dig internet to get answers OR B) very trivial-minute information sought from NCERT/Lucent etc. standard sources.
  • Yes as such more than 33 MCQs will look tough in the examhall, because UPSC did not ask much from the convention geography, polity, so less attention was paid even to IR, PIN etc.
REFERENCE
  • 78 out of 100 MCQs – solvable through routine sources (NCERT, IYB, Survey, Mrunal, theHindu, Indianexpress). Remaining 28 were such that, I had to dig google books and random websites on internet.
  • It doesn’t mean 78 questions were easily solvable. Refer to previous row on toughness.
  • But this is to show that UPSC paper doesn’t fall from sky. No secret / expensive coaching material is necessary for success in prelims. Majority of the questions come from standard reference sources.

Environment: International Treaties / Org: 10 MCQs

5. Consider the following pairs :

Terms sometimes seen in the news Their origin
1. Annex—I Countries Cartagena Protocol
2. Certified Emissions Reductions Nagoya Protocol
3. Clean Development Mechanism Kyoto Protocol

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
<atarget=”_blank” title=”Proof screenshot that UPSC prelim question could be solved from Mrunal.org – because bogus marketing propoganda is as important as teaching” href=”http://flic.kr/p/LbTfmy”>29002861752_a933af000e_o.jpg
Mrunal Lecture L8/P6: Climate finance: All three terms are associated with Kyoto Protocol. Therefore, answer “C” 3 only.

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