[Revision] GS3: Environment, Conservation, Disaster-Management: Cyclone Hudhud, Kashmir Floods, Clean India & Ganga

Cyclone Hudhud

[Revision] GS3: Environment, Conservation, Disaster-Management: Cyclone Hudhud, Kashmir Floods, Clean India & Ganga

  1. [Block-1] Disaster Management
    1. Disaster#1: Cyclone Hudhud
      1. Rescue operation: operation “Lehar”
      2. Suggestions/ Precautions/reforms
      3. Ain’t nothing called national calamity
      4. Benefits of Ham radio
      5. Social media in disaster Management
    2. Disater#2: Kashmir floods
    3. Mission Sahayata
    4. Suggestion/ precaution/ reforms
  2. [Block-2] Cleaning India and Ganga
    1. B1: Swachh Bharat / Clean India campaign
      1. Mechanism
      2. Fodder/Issues / Challenges/ Solutions
      3. Cleaninless: others initiatives
    2. B2: Ganga cleanup problem
      1. Can Ganga ever be cleaned?
      2. Ganga Cleanup under Modi-raj
  3. [Block-3] Yearbook type
    1. MoEF: Fast track clearance
    2. Biodiversity Management Committee
    3. Misc. Yearbook / national Developments
  4. [Block-4] Energy related
    1. Chaibagan Timezone
    2. Compact Fusion reactor
    3. Others Energy related Developments
  5. [Block-5] International
    1. Other intetnational Developments
    2. Epilogue

[Block-1] Disaster Management

Disaster#1: Cyclone Hudhud

  • Hudhud national bird of Israel. (IUCN status: Least concern)
  • Oman suggested this Cyclone name to IMD.
  • Hits Eastern coast ~mid-October 2014. Last year Phailin too came at same time.

Cyclone Hudhud

Cyclone Hudhud: Path, area and intensity

Born @Bay Bengal, West-Central region.
Speed 155-195 kmph.
Catalyst deep depression over north Andaman Sea.
Target
  • AP and Odisha coast.
  • Even caused heavy rains in UP and Bihar.
  • Avalanches and Blizzards in Nepal.
People affected
  • >3 lakh
  • Crowd Looting food trucks. Hoarding of milk and fuel.
  • But <30 people died thanks to disaster preparedness.
Environment
  • Bees and Birds migrate to other areas after shelter loss=> pollination reduced in future.
  • Migrant Pelican and Painted storks couldn’t visit Koleru lake.
Economy
  • 3 lakh hecters of rice, sugarcane, corn and cashew damaged
  • Pharma units in Coastal Andhra Pradesh couldn’t finish orders from USA, EU = image hurt.
  • 70k crores lost.
  • VAT-loss worth Rs.600 crore from petroleum companies alones.

Rescue operation: operation “Lehar”

Navy
  • Will lead the rescue efforts.
  • warships INS Ranjit, INS Shivalik and INS Airawat and fleet tanker INS Shakti were readied with relief material for 5,000 personnel,
  • P8-I long-range maritime reconnaissance aircraft is on standby for carrying out damage assessment once the cyclone passes.
  • Gemini craft loaded with relief material and 20 rescue teams fanned out to rescue people in flooded areas
Army Lifejackets, engineer task forces on standby at Ranchi, Allahabad and Secunderabad.
Airforce C-17 Globemaster and five An-32 transport aircraft, Chetaks, Mi-8 helicopters,  Mi-17 medium-lift choppers
Coastguard 17 ships, two air cushion vessels and 13 aircraft in Eastern
NCMC
  • National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC)
  • Chaired by Cabinet Secretary Ajit Seth.
NDRF Evacuated >10000 people.

Suggestions/ Precautions/reforms

  1. Coastal states should Prepare a “Blue book” for standard operating procedure during cyclones.
  2. Target zero human and cattle casualty. Move them to safe location well ahead of time. If they refuse, use police/military-FORCE.
  3. Stop usage of rail lines, airways and highways in the area
  4. Alerts on the ports and fishing areas
  5. Backup/Stand-by system for electricity and communication system.
  6. Empty the dam reservoirs to accommodate cyclonic water.
  7. Use doppler radar for close monitoring.
  8. Keep NDRF, armed forces and Navy on standby. Control rooms @District HQ.
  9. Equip them with large wood and metal cutters.
  10. Storage and food, drinking water, medicines and other relief material
  11. Toll free numbers, Ham-radio operators, satellite phones to help people.
  12. Andhra Pradesh Government thinking of “Green-Cess” to rebuild forest and mangroves.
  13. Separate insurance products for disasters, similar to agro.insurance products.

Ain’t nothing called national calamity

  • Modi visits Visakhapatnam, did not declare Hudhud cyclone as a national calamity, only gave Rs.1k crore assistant=>juntaa angry.
  • BUT There is nothing termed as ‘National Calamity’ either in the Disaster Management Act 2005 or in any other disaster management related notifications. (says Ex-Vice-Chairman of NDMA).
  • Title “National calamity” doesn’t give state Government more financial assistance.
  • Even Uttarakhand Tsunami (2013) wasn’t declared national calamity, only Rs.1000 crore given in interim relief.
  • But afterwards, Union gave crores in indirect funding for rehabilitation. Even world bank and ADB came to help.
  • So it’s a bogus misconception that if Hudhud not declared national calamity then state Government won’t get help.

Benefits of Ham radio

  • 2 way communication, even when all other communication-channels are down during disaster.
  • Local, regional and global connectivity between members.
  • No cost. Except initial assembly.
  • If Ham-radio every 5 km=> entire Andhra Pradesh could be covered. Much more efficient handling of Hudhud.
  • Even datafiles and images can be shared- IF in small size.
  • India Written exam=> police verification =>license after 1 year delay. In USA its done in 3 days.
  • All these precaution are laughable because terrorists buy SIM cards with much ease.

Social media in disaster Management

Andhra Pradesh Government done following

  • setup facebook page to receive complaints about milk and petrol hoarding.
  • Setup www.hudhud.ap.gov.in for damage assessment.
  • Collecting destruction photos via whatsapp and facebook.
  • Creating volunteer network using Facebook and Twitter
  • Rallying up the college students in relief distributions.

Disater#2: Kashmir floods

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