[Revision] GS1 Economy: Urbanization, Globalization; Population, Poverty, Development issues

Topper mains answer-writing

[Revision] GS1 Economy: Urbanization, Globalization; Population, Poverty, Development issues

  1. Prologue
  2. [Block-1] Urbanization, Globalization
    1. Urbanization problems and remedies
    2. Globalization: impact on Indian Society
    3. Culture-Lifestyle: Good
    4. Culture-Lifestyle: Bad
    5. Eco-Env: GOOD
    6. Eco-Env: BAD
  3. [Block-2] Population, Poverty, Development issues
    1. Human Development report (UNDP)
    2. Financial inclusion for poverty removal
    3. Population policy 2000
    4. Demographic dividend
    5. National youth policy 2014 (NYP)
    6. Rangarajan Poverty line
    7. Census 2011: facts when everything else fails


Topper mains answer-writing

H1,H2=heading, subheading. For more, read their detailed interviews at Mrunal.org/Toppers

  • For GS1 to GS3, the Maximum Aukaat of any topic is 200 words, and the minimum time, I take to research and write any GS-article is 2 days.
  • So, if I were to run full length articles on Cyclone Hudhud, relevance of planning commission, Make in India, Clean India, Ganga cleaning etc. then mains would be over. (Less than 3 weeks left while I’m typing this).
  • In GS1 to 3: you’ll have to face minimum 75 different topics. (10 marks each x 25 questions per paper x 3 papers)
  • 4-5 key points x 30 words on each = 120-150 words easily.
  • Therefore, I’m preparing a final round of [Revision] notes for “selected-topics” I consider important/useful for Mains-2014 GS paper 1 to 3. (Selected topics only because I can’t build Taj-Mahal in 23 days).
  • There won’t be prelim-cum-mains-cum-interview coverage in those notes….Just street-smart 3-5-7 keypoints on selected topics so it can be revised quickly and a “jugaadu” 100-200 words answer can be assembled in the exam hall.

Q. You used to upload those weekly topiclist and essay list. What happened to that?

Ans. I’ll continue doing that. But Hardly 23 days left before Mains-2014. So, priorities shifted temporarily.

Q. If question paper is already set, then should I stop reading newspaper?

Ans. No, you must read newspaper every day. Lot of direct/indirect fodder keeps coming. It’ll help you a lot in Essay and GS.

[Block-1] Urbanization, Globalization

Official GS1- syllabus says:

  1. Urbanization, problems and their remedies
  2. Globalization and its impact on Indian society.

As such these are easy topics with truckload of points in Geography books and web pages.

  • But if you take it casually -“isme kya prepare karnaa”=>you will waste lot of time in recollecting and organizing points during exam. Then 5m and 10m questions can’t be finished in 4 minute & 7 minute timer respectively.
  • Therefore must memorize 4-5 points on every topic for Heropanti JudaadpantiTM in GS

Urbanization problems and remedies

Urbananization problems in India

Bollywood already released sufficient “Study-material” for Urbanization problem topic

Economic problems and remedies
Factor Consequence remedies
1.Migrant inflow Under-employment, Informal employment, exploitation factory-labour reforms, RURBAN mission (GS2*)
2.UnderEmployment crime, drug abuse, alcoholism Desi liquor, childlabour
  • Skill India, Din Dayal Antyodaya (GS2*)
  • Women: Nirbhaya-CCTV, self-defense, panic buttons, toll free nos.
  • Organized crime: Police-reforms
3.High land prices Black money, slums, illegal societies Tax-adm-reforms, BEPS, GAAR, PMLA (GS3*)
4.Muni. Insufficient funds due2 black money
  • poor civic amnesties
  • Traffic congesion=>pollution
  • garbage-diseases
PPP, Smart cities, REITS, INVITs (GS3*)


Urbanization: Environment problems and remedies
Factor Consequence remedies
1.High rent & land prices
  • Living peripheral area. Travel for hours on self-vehicle
  • Pollution
  • Pub.transport: BRTS, Metro rail, car-pooling
  • Awareness: A.Q.I., Bharat Emission Norms (*GS3)
  • Smart cities, Intelli-traffic Management (*GS3)
2.Electricity crisis
  • diesel generator=pollution
  • Poors rely on firewood
  • net metering: put solarpanel on roof-sell excess electricity to company
  • More nuke plants if jholachhap NGOs permit
  • Sewage=disease=>poverty.
  • Each disease poor family Rs.6000. (time n wages lost)
  • Clean India
  • Waste Management
4.Gardens & buildings
  • Pesticides=no insect=sparrow chics dead
  • Glass building=birds crash, no nest
Eco friendly buildings & gardening

(*) means more details about those remedies in upcoming revision notes on environment and economy.

Globalization: impact on Indian Society

As such infinite topic. But few keypoints must be memorized to finish answers under 4/7 minutes timer.

  • Culture-religion-lifestyle angles: good and bad impact.
  • Economy and environment angles: good and bad impact.

Culture-Lifestyle: Good

  • English +IT + Internet=> youth from small town / villages=>social empowerment.
  • Job, Prosperity, Free flow of Ideas => social taboos & caste structure less rigid. e.g. Girl can cremate father’s body.
  • Social networking, media, candle marches =>Nirbhaya campaign, More voices against domestic violence, crime against women.
  • Indian literature, music, movies got international recognition and vice versa. Free flow of ideas and influence both ways.
  • Fusion in fashion, food, lifestyle.

Culture-Lifestyle: Bad

  • Religious conversations via lure of money, Missionary-Naxal-NE-secessionist angles.
  • Middle-East Jihadi funding to Madressa.
  • Internet, Facebook, whatsapp: Brainwashed nsura youth to join ISIS; Riots in UP, Delhi; piracy.
  • Decline of classical art, language, literature. (more money in English novel than vernacular).
  • Valentine’s day, live-in relations, kiss-of-love, commodification of women, Pornography, MMS-Voyeurism, vulgar reality shows, etc. angles
  • Divorce, Nuclear families, erosion of Alok Nath “sanskaars” in child upbringing in the imported
  • Flaunting money in social gatherings (DJ, 50 types of soups)=> Materialized society=>must get rich quickly, take bribes, exploitation, no empathy for poors, elderly etc.
  • Fast-food, 24×7 social networking: obesity, lifestyle diseases; Bird-flu, HIV, Ebola

Eco-Env: GOOD

  • Trade liberalization employment.
  • Agrarian economy=>mfg | service economy=>better GDP and revenue collection => more social services=malnutrition decline (said Global hunger report)
  • MNC=cheaper and wide variety of goods=>power to customer.
  • FDI, FII, Crowdfunding= Indian startup companies.

Eco-Env: BAD

  • All points from urbanization table.
  • MNC Mining=> tribal land alienation, tribal culture society diminish
  • Resource exploitation Climate change=>flood nsuran, disasters=hurting Indians living
  • MNC=> desi artisans, small MSME hurt. Jobless growth, income inequality
  • Income inequality=>crime, child labor, desi liquor, drug abuse, domestic violence.

[Block-2] Population, Poverty, Development issues

GS1: Official syllabus says:

  1. Population and associated issues.
  2. Poverty and developmental issues.

Above subjects have many subtopics in theory and current. But I’m focusing only on a few topics that can be used in variety of scenarios-as last fallback line when you can’t think of anything and need 4-5 keypoints.

Human Development report (UNDP)

This report provides sufficient keypoints to assemble answers for many generic questions about poverty and Development.

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