[Question Paper] Sociology Mains 2012 Paper 1 & 2 UPSC Civil Service IAS IPS ExamDevendra Vishwakarma
Paper I: SECTION – A
Q1. 150 words each
- Interpretative Sociology
- Fact Value and Objectivity
- Universalism vs. Particilarism
- Comparative Method
- Sacred and Profane
Q 2. 30 markers
- How did the French revolution and Industrial revolution play an important role in the emergence of Sociology?
- Show how Durkheim through of totemism demonstrates the reality of religion.
Q 3. 30 markers
- ‘Power and authority go together.’ Examine. Explain the various types of authority also.
- Examine how Weber’s characterisation of capitalism is different from those of Marx.
Q 4 20 markers
- Differentiate between the qualitative and quantitative methods of research
- sometimes workers do not feel attachment for their work. Marks formed a theory on the situation, discuss that theory.
- social fact is to be treated as a thing. Discuss
Paper I SECTION – B
Q 5. 12 markers 150 words
- Stratification of Classes
- Industrial Democracy
- Citizenship and Civil Society
- Millenarian Movements
- Theory of Cultural Lag-Ogburn and Nimkoff.
- In our society Hierarchical relations are influenced by social mobility ? Discuss.
- In Marxian classification of Society, feudal and slave societies are very important. How are they different from each other?
- Are Social movement always influenced by ideologies? Discuss.
- Discuss the factors leading to growing religious revivalism in the contemporary world.
- Describe the important of lineage and descent in kinship and family.
- Show how family is distinct from household.
- How so formal and informal organisation of work influence labour’s mobility ? Exaplain with examples.
- What do you understand by nation ? Is the nation same as the state ? Discuss.
- ‘Revolutionary change have some specific characteristics.’ Discuss with examples.
Sociology Mains 2012: Paper 2
SECTION – A
1. Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following in not more than 150 words each:-
- Limitations of the dialectical approach to the study on Indian society.
- Changing rural power structure.
- Challenges to institution of marriage.
- Westernization and institutional changes in India.
- Interaction of ‘little tradition’ and ‘great iradition’.
Q 2. 20 markers
- Distinguish between the following:
- Tribe and Caste
- Affinal kin and Consanguineous kin.
- Marriage as sacrament and marriage as contract.
- Positional change and structural change.
- ‘Indian society may be understood as a system of cognitive structures.’ How far do you agree with this statement?
- Comment on the social and cultural determinants of sexual decision of labour.
Q 3. 30 markers
- Examine the impact of secularization on various religious communities in India.
- Has geographic and economic mobility impacted the tribal culture and social structure ? Give examples.
Q 4. 20 markers
- Has nuclear family existed in traditional India? Discuss with reference to the views of I. P. Desai.
- How have social reform movements in colonial India contributed to modernization of Indian society?
- Discuss the factors which contributed to industrial modernization in India. What are the salient features of new industrial class structure ?
Paper 2 SECTION – B
Q 5. 12 markers, 150 words each:-
- Demographic perspective of Indian youth.
- Regional political elites and the democratic process.
- Education and Dalit empowerment.
- Constitution as a living document of social change.
- Education and removal of inequality.
Q 6. 20 markers
- Critically examine the concepts of nation and citizenship in the context of globalization.
- Discuss some social and cultural determinants of infant morality rate. Give your suggestions to prevent infanticide.
- Bring out some positive and negative social consequences of green revolution. How has green revolution changed the rural social structure?
Q 7. 30 markers
- Describe those social changes which have contributed to increase of violence against women. What are the emerging forms of violence against women? Suggest suitable measures to contain this problem.
- What are the problems if ageing population? Describe the declining traditional social support system for the aged. Suggest alternative measures to support ageing population.
Q 8. 30 markers
- Have the new economic policy and economic reform led to weakening of labour class movements? Explain your views with examples.
- Do you think that some policies and laws relating to environment have retarded the development process ? Give examples. How can an ideal balance between environmental protection and development goals be brought about?