What is meant by scientific management ?Ripunjay Tiwari
Ans. The term ‘scientific management’ was first used in U.S.A. in 1910 by Louis Brandies. As a process, it was first seen in U.K. in 1832 by Charles Babbage. Frederick W. Taylor was the first person who insisted on the introduction of scientific methods in management and it was he who, along with his associates made the first systematic study of management. He launched a new movement in 1910 which ·is known as ‘scientific management’. Therefore, he is regarded as the father of scientific management. According to Taylor, “Scientific management is the substitution of exact scientific investigations and knowledge for the old individual judgment or opinion in all matters relating to the work done in the shop”.
Scientific management is defined as the “art of knowing exactly what is to be done and the best way of doing it”. Scientific management is the outcome of applying scientific knowledge and the scientific techniques to the various aspects of management and the problems that arise from them.