Explain the main contributors to productivity improvement. Or Write short note on ‘improving productivity’.

Explain the main contributors to productivity improvement. Or Write short note on ‘improving productivity’.

Ans. The main contributors to productivity improvement are as follows –

(i) Proper Planning and Scheduling – It help to utilizes men, machines and materials to increase productivity.

(ii) Measurement Skill– Good supervision and management avoids production inefficiency and inefficient purchasing, maintenance and incorrect specifications for materials and machines.

(iii) Training about Productivity – The training must include the practice of work simplification, methods study, quality control, raw materials utility, productivity and its socio-economic effects, so that workers may start thinking creatively.

(iv) Standardisation and Work Simplification – It increases production efficiency.

(v) Human Relations- Human relations can be improved by labour participation in goal setting, simplification of communication, system of minimizing the conflicts, encouragement to get advantage of creative talents of employees and awarding reward etc.

(vi) Incentives– When incentive scheme is introduced in a concern, it result a considerable improvement in productivity.

(vii) Cost Control – Cost control can be done by keeping careful watch over expenditure, minimizing wastage of material, reducing machine break-down period, reducing waiting time on the part of men and equipment, avoiding excessive handling, minimizing overtime expenses.

(viii) Application of New Technology – In order to remain in field, industrialists must regularly adopt new services, new marketing method more and more automation and application of latest techniques in the field of material handling.

(ix) Design the Product – A good design of a product helps in minimizing wastages of scraps and increase its durability and attraction.

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