Energy Conservation Building Code 2017, Biotechnology Innovation Organization (BIO)

Energy Conservation Building Code 2017, Biotechnology Innovation Organization (BIO)

What: Developed by Ministry of Power and Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) along with technical support from United States Agency for International Development (USAID), ECBC 2017 prescribes the energy performance standards for new commercial buildings to be constructed across India.

  • The updated version of ECBC provides current as well as futuristic advancements in building technology to further reduce building energy consumption and promote low-carbon growth.
  • The code aims to optimise energy savings with the comfort levels for occupants, and prefers life-cycle cost effectiveness to achieve energy neutrality in commercial buildings.
  • With the adoption of ECBC 2017 for new commercial building construction throughout the country, it is estimated to achieve a 50% reduction in energy use by 2030.

United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC)

(Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests)

Background

  • The United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) is a multilateral treaty negotiated by member states of the United Nations (UN)
  • It is promoted by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).
  • It is one of several legally binding international anti-corruption agreements. UNCAC requires state parties to the treaty to implement several anti-corruption measures that focus on five main areas
    1. Prevention
    2. law enforcement
    3. international cooperation
    4. asset recovery
    5. technical assistance and information exchange

India has a robust and time tested institutional and legislative framework including

  • Prevention of Corruption Act
  • An independent Central Vigilance Commission
  • Central Information Commission
  • Comptroller and Auditor General
  • The Judges (Inquiry) Act
  • A spate of legislations including The Lokpal & Lokayukta Act, 2013
  • Whistle Blowers Protection Act 2011
  • Prevention of Money Laundering Act
  • Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act

At the Eighth Session of the Implementation Review Group of the UNCAC, India stated its commitment to tackle corruption and adopt a ‘zero tolerance’ approach as well as minimum Government and maximum Governance.

UNCAC’s goal is to reduce various types of corruption that can occur across country borders, such as trading in influence and abuse of power, as well as corruption in the private sector, such as embezzlement and money laundering.

POCSO e-box

(Topics: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.)

What:  Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO), e-Box, is an online complaint management system for easy and direct reporting of sexual offences against children and timely action against the offenders under the POCSO Act, 2012.

E-Box will help to maintain the confidentiality of the complaint. It is incorporated at the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) website.

Child and sexual abuse

  • According to a study, about 53% of children surveyed, reported having faced one or the other form of sexual abuse in their lifetime.
  • In most cases, the offender is a family member/near relative or an acquaintance.
  • The child victim in such cases generally does not report these offences.
  • Result: The child faces serious consequences such as cognitive impairment, violent and risk behaviour including depression and anxiety, feeling shame and guilt with poor interpersonal relationship & self-esteem.

POCSO Act

  • The government enacted POCSO Act, 2012 to protect children from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography.
  • The interest of child is safeguarded during judicial process, by incorporating child friendly mechanisms for reporting, recording of evidence, investigation and speedy trial of offences through designated Special Courts.
  • The Act provides for mandatory reporting of sexual offences. If the person is aware of such situation and fails to report so, he/she is punished with six months’ imprisonment and/or fine.
  • Any human being up to the age of 18 years is recognised as a child under the POCSO Act.

Minister of Power launches POSOCO-IMD Weather Portal for Power Sector & Web Portal ‘MERIT’ (Merit Order Despatch of Electricity for Rejuvenation of Income and Transparency)

(Topics: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.)

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