[Download] UPSC Mains-2016: General Studies Paper-2 Polity, Welfare, Diplomacy: incl. Hindi Qs & Topicwise collection of all Papers since Syllabus Change

[Download] UPSC Mains-2016: General Studies Paper-2 Polity, Welfare, Diplomacy: incl. Hindi Qs & Topicwise collection of all Papers since Syllabus Change

  1. Instructions for UPSC Mains 2016 GS Paper-2
  2. GSM2-2016: Question paper in linear format incl. Hindi
  3. Observation  / Analysis of GS Paper-2
  4. Toughness of the paper
  5. Relevance of Mrunal.org/ Bogus marketing propaganda
  6. GS2 Mains-Topicwise Questions since Syllabus change
  7. [Block-1] Polity
    1. Polity: Basics of Constitution
    2. Polity: The Executive
    3. Polity: Legislature
    4. Polity: Separation of Powers
    5. Polity: Federalism & Local governance
    6. Polity: Bodies
  8. [Block-2] Policies for sectors, services
    1. Welfare: Policies & Schemes
    2. Welfare: Social Services: Health, Edu, HRD
    3. Welfare: Sectoral Policies
  9. [Block-3] Governance & groups
    1. Governance: Accountability & E-Gov
    2. Groups: Civil Services, NGO, SHG, Pressure Groups
  10. [Block-4] IR Diplomacy
    1. IR/Diplomacy: Neighbors
    2. IR/Diplomacy: Not-Neighbors but affecting interests
    3. IR/Diplomacy: Institutions, Groupings, Agreements

Instructions for UPSC Mains 2016 GS Paper-2

  • UPSC conducted general studies paper 1 of civil services mains examination on 5th December 2016
  • Duration: 3 hours; Maximum Marks: 250
  • Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions:
  • There are TWENTY questions printed both in HINDI and in ENGLISH. Each Question carries 12.5 marks.
  • All the questions too compulsory.
  • Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QC4) Booklet in the space provided.
  • No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authorized one.
  • Word limit in questions, wherever specified should be adhered to.
  • Any page or portion of the page left blank in the Question-cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off.

GSM2-2016: Question paper in linear format incl. Hindi

Answer all the questions in NOT MORE THAN 200 words each. Content is more important than its length. All questions carry equal marks.

  1. Discuss the essentials of the 69th Constitutional Amendment Act and anomalies, if any that have led to recent reported conflicts between the elected representatives and the institution of the Lieutenant Governor in the administration of Delhi. Do you think that this will give rise to a new trend in the functioning of the Indian federal politics?
    69वे संविधानं संशोधन अधिनियम के उन अत्यावश्यक तत्वों और विषमताओं , यदि कोई हो, पर चर्चा कीजिए , जिन्होंने दिल्ली के प्रशासन में निर्वाचित प्रतिनिधियों और उप-राज्यपाल के बीच हाल में समाचारों में आये मतभेदों को पैदा कर दिया है | क्या आपके विचार में इससे भारतीय परिसंधीय राजनीती के प्रकार्यण में एक नई प्रवत्ति का उदय होगा ?
  2. To what extent is Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, bearing marginal note “Temporary provision with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir”, temporary? Discuss the future prospects of this provision in the context of Indian polity.
    भारतीय संविधान का अनुच्छेद 370, जिसके साथ हाशिया नोट “जम्मू- कश्मीर राज्य के सम्बन्ध में अस्थाई उपबंध ” लगा हुआ है , किस सीमा तक अस्थाई है ? भारतीय राज्य- व्यवस्था के सन्दर्भ में इस उपबंध की भावी सम्भावनाओ पर चर्चा कीजिए|
  3. The Indian party system is passing through a phase of transition which looks to be full of contradictions and paradoxes.” Discuss.
    “भारतीय राजनीतिक पार्टी प्रणाली परिवर्तन के ऐसे दौर से गुजर रही है , जो अंतरविरोधो और विरोधाभास से भरा प्रतीत होता है |”चर्चा कीजिए|
  4. Exercise of CAC’s powers in relation to the accounts of the Union and the States is derived from Article 149 of the Indian Constitution. Discuss whether audit of the Government’s Policy implementation could amount to overstepping its own (CAG) jurisdiction.
    संघ और राज्यों के लेखाओं के संबध में, नियंत्रक और महालेखापरीक्षक की शक्तिओं का प्रयोग भारतीय संविधान के अनुच्छेद 149 से व्युत्पन्न है |चर्चा कीजिए कि क्या सरकार की नीति कार्यान्वयन की लेखापरीक्षा करना अपने स्वयं (नियंत्रक और महालेखापरीक्षक) की अधिकारिता का अतिक्रमण करना होगा या कि नहीं |
  5. Discuss each adjective attached to the word ‘Republic’ in the preamble. Are they defendable in the present circumstances stances?
    ‘उद्देशिका (प्रस्तावना) में शब्द ‘गणराज्य’ के साथ जुड़े प्रत्येक विशेषण पर चर्चा कीजिए| क्या वर्तमान परिस्थितियों में वे प्रतिरक्षणीय है ?
  6. What was held in the Coelho case? In this context, can you say that judicial review is of key importance amongst the basic features of the Constitution?
    कोहिलो केस में क्या अभिनिर्धारित किया गया था ? इस सन्दर्भ में, क्या आप कह सकते है की न्यायिक पुनर्विलोकन संविधान के बुनियादी अभिलक्षणों में प्रमुख महत्त्व का है ?
  7. Did the Government of India Act, 1935 lay down a federal constitution? Discuss.
    क्या भारत सरकार अधिनियम, 1935 ने एक परिसंघीय संविधान निर्धारित कर दिया था ? चर्चा कीजिए|
  8. What is a quasi-judicial body? Explain with the help of concrete examples.
    अर्ध-न्यायिक (न्यायिकवत) निकाय से क्या तात्पर्य है ? ठोस उदहारणों की सहायता से स्पष्ट कीजिए|
  9. Professor Amartya Sen has advocated important reforms in the realms of primary education and primary health care. What are your suggestions to improve their status and performance?
    प्रोफेसर अमृत्य सेन ने प्राथमिक शिक्षा तथा प्राथमिक स्वास्थ्य देखभाल के क्षेत्रो में महत्वपूर्ण सुधारों की वकालत की है | उनकी स्थिति और कार्य-निष्पादन में सुधार हेतु आपके क्या सुझाव है ?
  10. “In the Indian governance system, the role of non-state actors has been only marginal.” Critically examine this statement.
    ” भारतीय शासकीय तंत्र में, गैर-राजकीय कर्ताओं की भूमिका सीमित ही रही है |” इस कथन का समालोचनात्मक परीक्षण कीजिए|
  11. “Effectiveness of the goverment system at various levels and people’s participation in the governance system are inter-dependent.” Discuss their relationship with each other in context of India.
    ” विभिन्न स्तरों पर सरकारी तंत्र की प्रभाविता तथा शासकीय तंत्र में जन-सहभागिता अन्योन्याश्रित होती है |” भारत के सन्दर्भ में इनके बीच संबध पर चर्चा कीजिए|
  12. In the integrity index of Transparency International, India stands very low. Discuss briefly the legal, political, economic, social and cultural factors that have caused the decline of public morality in India.
    “ट्रांसपेरेंसी इंटरनेशनल ” के ईमानदारी सूचकांक में , भारत काफी नीचे के पायदान पर है | संक्षेप में उन विधिक, राजनीतिक , आर्थिक , सामाजिक तथा सांस्कृतिक कारकों पर चर्चा कीजिए, जिनके कारण भारत में सार्वजानिक नैतिकता का ह्रास हुआ है |
  13. Has the Indian governmental system responded adequately to the demands of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization started in 1991? What can the government do to be responsive to this important change?
    क्या भारतीय सरकारी तंत्र ने 1991 में शुरू हुए उदारीकरण , निजीकरण और वैश्वीकरण की माँगो के प्रति पर्याप्त रूप से अनुक्रिया की है ? इस महत्त्वपूर्ण परिवर्तन के प्रति अनुक्रियाशील होने के लिए सरकार क्या कर सकती है ?
  14. “Traditional bureaucratic structure and culture have hampered the process of socio-economic development in India.” Comment.
    “पारंपरिक अधिकारीतंत्रीय संरचना और संस्कृति ने भारत में सामाजिक-आर्थिक विकास की प्रक्रिया में बाधा डाली है | ” टिप्पणी कीजिए|
  15. Examine the main provisions of the National Child Policy and throw light on the status of its implementation.
    भारतीय बाल नीति के प्रमुख प्रावधानो का परीक्षण कीजिए तथा इसके क्रियान्वयन की प्रस्थिति पर प्रकाश डालिए |
  16. “Demographic Dividend in India will remain only theoretical unless our manpower becomes more educated, aware, skilled and creative.” What measures have been taken by the government to enhance the capacity of our population to be more productive and employable?
    “भारत में जनानकिकीय लाभांश तब तक सैद्धांतिक ही बना रहेगा जब तक कि हमारी जनशक्ति अधिक शिक्षित, जागरूक , कुशल और सृजनशील नहीं हो जाती | ” सरकार नें हमे जनसंख्या को अधिक उत्पादानशील और रोजगार-योग्य बनने की क्षमता में वृद्धि के लिए कौन कौन से उपाय किये है ?
  17. “The broader aims and objectives of WTO are to manage and promote international trade in the era of globalization. But the Doha round of negotiations seem doomed due to differences between the developed and the developing countries.” Discuss in the Indian perspective.
    विश्व व्यापार संगठन (डब्लू.टी.ओं) के अधिक व्यापक लक्ष्य और उद्देश्य वैश्वीकरण के युग में अंतर-राष्ट्रीय व्यापार का प्रबंधन और प्रोन्नति करना है | परन्तु (संधि) वार्ताओं की दोहा परिधि म्रत्योंमुखी प्रतीत होती है , जिसका कारण विकसित और विकासशील देशो के बीच मतभेद है |” भारतीय परिपेक्ष में, इस पर चर्चा कीजिए|
  18. Evaluate the economic and strategic dimensions of India’s Look East Policy in the context of the post-Cold War international scenario.
    शीतयुद्धोत्तर अंतर-राष्ट्रीय परिद्रश्य के सन्दर्भ में, भारत की पूर्वोन्मुखी नीति के आर्थिक और सामरिक आयामों का मूल्यांकन कीजिए|
  19. “Increasing cross-border terrorist attacks in India and growing interference in the internal affairs of several member-states by Pakistan are not conducive for the future of SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation).” Explain with suitable>
    “भारत के बढ़ते हुए सीमापारीय आतंकी हमले और अनेक सदस्य-राज्यों के आंतरिक मामलों में पाकिस्तान द्वारा बढ़ता हुआ हस्तक्षेप सार्क (दक्षिणी एशियाई क्षेत्रीय सहयोग संगठन ) के भविष्य के लिए सहायक नहीं है | ” उपयुक्त उदहारण के साथ स्पष्ट कीजिए|
  20. What are the aims and objectives of the McBride Commission of the UNESCO? What is India’s position on these?
    यूनेस्को (संयुक्त राष्ट्र शैक्षिक, वैज्ञानिक एवं सांस्कृतिक संगठन ) के मैक्ब्राइड आयोग के लक्ष्य और उद्देश्य क्या क्या है ? इनमे भारत की क्या स्थिति है ?

Observations / Analysis of GS Paper-2

Analysis UPSC Mains GS Paper2 2016-overall

2013 to 2015 2016
2015:

  • Each question worth 12.5 marks and 200 words
  • Internal breakup: 100 marks worth polity, 100 marks worth sectors-governance-welfare and 50 marks worth IR
  • Exactly same
2015: UCC asked
  • In some years, there has been a continuation of asking same topic in two years running. Thankfully that did not happen with UCC, despite the current ho-hum related to “Triple Talaq”.
2013: federalism- 3 question Repeat of the trend. 3 questions on federalism and this time from current issues- involving Delhi Lt. Governor and J&K’s Art.377.
Since 2013, each year one question always asked on separation of powers. Continued the trend with Coelho Case. Albeit bit difficult than previous years questions on separation of powers. But overall theme remains the same i.e. “Supreme court” vs law making/ordinance making.
Each year, minimum two questions from “bodies” Continued.
Since 2013’s syllabus change, each year they’d ask exactly two questions from “social services”. Examiner’s concern about social services has increased even further! 3 questions this time- Child policy, dem.  Dividend and Amrtya Sen.
2014: FDI in media channels. 25th anniversary of BoP crisis. They did ask a question on LPG.
2015: specific dimensions of transparency asked e.g.  Satyam Scandal, Corporate governance, Whistleblower. Broad question asked in the context of declining public morality in India. Although wording makes it more appropriate for GSM4 than for GSM2.
Last year’s analysis, I had talked about “exchange program” between syllabus topics of GS1, 2 and 3. Same here- public morality (GSM4) and Act of 1935 (GSM1) are being asked in GSM2.
Since 2013, nothing from e-governance although it’s specifically mentioned in syllabus. El-Nino Examiner induced Draught continues on E-governance topic. No question this year either.
First time asked specifically about “governance”, since the syllabus change in 2013.
They’ve to ask some random low profile bill or court case or Constitutional amendment each year. Continued – with Coelho case.
  • 2015 provided a breather in intl. org because straight forward question on UNSC permanent seat. Because that- each year atleast one question on WTO.
  • Regressive questions on “irrelevance” of  WTO’s Doha round and India’s stand on UNESCO’s McBride commission.
  • Regressive because these topics are well past their expiry dates- except when they occasionally prop up  in interviews of some dignitaries.
Relevance of Last two Economic surveys:

  • “we can’t reap demographic dividend unless we skill people (Survey-2014) and create ‘good jobs’ in formal sector by reducing regulatory cholesterol. (Survey-2015)” This was asked
  • Similarly for primary healthcare and education reforms- sufficient points covered in both surveys.
  • Same for government’s responsiveness to LPG reforms.

Toughness of the paper

While there are some easy and directly from the book questions- such as Act of 1935 or quasi-judicial body. But overall, it is tough paper. And GSM2 has always been like that since inception of new syllabus in 2013.Let’s look at some of the question asked this time:

Q Comment
Adjectives to ‘republic’- can we defend?
  • Difficult because this is an essay-ish topic. Takes time and brainstorming to come up with decent points on challenges against ‘sovereignty’, ‘socialism’, ‘democracy’ and ‘secularism’ in present day.
  • Also possible to forget one or two adjectives.
  • India party system
  • Non-state actors in government
  • Essayish topics- takes time in brainstorming. Still possible that good points may not be remembered.
Decay of public morality Difficult to shift gear of brain into 4th gear (Ethics) while having spent previous night mugging up GSM1 and 2. If not difficult, at least time consuming.
Coelho case (2007):
  • Here SC said that even if a law is inserted in the 9th schedule, it can still be scrutinized and challenged in court.
  • Topic was  in news again in 2016, because of Gujarat quota law for 10% reservation to economically weaker sections within unreserved categories. Hindustantimes; EPW
  • Since the keyword “Judicial review” term is given in the question so possible to conjure some points around it- related to 9th schedule.
  • But unless you can remember exact context (caste reservation), very difficult to drag it for 200 words. Pitfall that during “Gapp-baazi”  you may run in to different domain such as judicial activism or NJAC etc.
McBride commission of UNESCO.
  • Very tough. Because either you know the answer or you don’t.
  • UNESCO as such is looking after 10 different things so not possible to conjure an answer with gut-feeling.
  • McBride report was about democratization and responsibility of global media.
  • Report is written in 80s, and came into light during 2012s when UNESCO censored something related to wikileaks etc. then in 2016 zee news started some network…लेकिन साला इतना डिटेल में कोन प्रिपेर करता है.
  • Anyways, no point in crying over spilled milk or criticizing UPSC examiner lest we also become theHindu columnists.
  • But this type of papers are also a challenge in reaping India’s demographic dividend and internet bandwidth because youth has to spent precious time chasing/mugging up such feeble topics for next year’s preparation.

Difficult to come up with any reliable strategy.

  • Because even in the topics where you definitely know something will be asked each year (such as separation of powers, bodies, social services)-  the nature of questions remain such that in actual exam 1) unable to recall 2) lot of time spent brainstorming.
  • So what to do then? …Ccontinue preparation in traditional fashion, keep reading and collecting points from Laxmikanth and other books, Economic survey and other reports, newspaper-columns to ensure there is enough ‘maal’ to beat around the bush whenever you don’t know the answer.

Relevance of Mrunal.org/ Bogus marketing propaganda

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