Discuss in detail the measures you would suggest for increasing the Productivity of resources. Or Write a detailed note on increasing productivity of resources. Or How can an organization firebase the productivity of resources? Write in briefRipunjay Tiwari
Ans. To increase the productivity of resources means, getting more number of goods from the same amount of resources.
(i) Material – Materials must be used in industries to get good productivity. Industries in which the cost of raw material is a big percentage . of the cost of finished goods, higher productivity can be achieved through proper use of materials. By -reducing wastage of material and by reducing scrap, productivity of material can be increased. Many times a little change in design of component may save a lot of material. Productivity of materials can also be increased to great extent by using correct process. Properly trained
workers are also helpful in increasing the productivity of material. Suitable material handling, storage facilities and proper packing are also helpful in increasing the productivity of the material. All the above factors are helpful in reducing the scrap rate to a great extent.
(ii) Labour – Labour plays significant role in increasing the productivity. Properly trained and skilled labour is helpful. If there is some
change in the design of components parts so as to facilitate final assembly, it
can increase the number of products assembled per day with the same amount
of labour. If work methods are improved through work study techniques, it
can increase the rate of production.
(iii) Plant, Equipment and Machinery – Productivity can be
increased through the use of improved tools, simple attachments and other
devices. Total production time can be reduced by improving machine setting
up methods thereby decreasing set-up times. Proper maintenance of the plant
such as to avoid breakdown is also helpful in increasing the productivity.
(iv) Land and Buildings-A suitable plant layout can accommodate
more machinery in the same space and thus increase productivity. Proper
orientation, construction an9 inside conditions of a building definitely affect