[Diplomacy] Nuclear Security Summit at Seoul: Outcomes, India’s contributionDevendra Vishwakarma
- What is nuclear security?
- Why Nuclear Security Summit?
- Seoul Communiqué
- Goodbye HEU and welcome LEU
- More talking
- More funding
- More Policing
- More cleaning
- India’s commitment to Nuke Security
What is nuclear security?
Nuclear security is a series of preemptive measures to
- Prevent nuclear crime (smuggling of nuke materials, nuke-terrorism)
- Prevent nuclear accidents (at Nuke power plants such as Chernobyl and Fukushima)
Why Nuclear Security Summit?
- Nuclear terrorism cannot be addressed by a single nation- international cooperation is necessary.
- First Nuclear Security Summit, was held in Washington in 2010.
- Second Nuke security Summit was held in Seoul (South Korea) in 2012.
- 53 countries including the P5 nations (nuclear weapons states) and states not party to the NPT, such as India, Pakistan, and Israel.
- UN, IAEA, and EU
- Third Nuke Security summit will be held in Netherlands in 2014.
After the second nuke summit @Seoul in 2012, the participants agreed to do this- total 11 things.
Here are the important ones
Goodbye HEU and welcome LEU
- Highly enriched uranium (HEU) is used in nuke reactors and medical field but it can be used for making nuke bombs.
- Therefore, every nation should switch to low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel.
- We’ll encourage the participation of industry, academia, the media, NGOs and other civil actors in the discussions on nuclear security.
- We’ll host the next Nuclear Security Summit in the Netherlands
- We’ll make voluntary contributions to the IAEA Nuclear Security Fund.
- This money will be spent to help the poor countries to upgrade their HEU plants into LEU plants and improve their security.
- Mohan said I’ll give 1 million dollars in it.
- We’ll increase the physical protection of nuclear facilities
- We’ll increase the protection of nuclear materials and radioactive sources during transport
- We’ll prevent the illicit trafficking of nuclear materials
- We’ll enhance the emergency response capabilities in the case of radiological accidents
- We’ll share information on persons involved in nuke smuggling via INTERPOL
- We’ll Build nuclear forensics capacity to identify the source of illicitly trafficked nuclear materials
- We’ll enhance cyber security at nuclear facilities and Increase the protection of sensitive nuclear security-related information
- We’ll improve the management of spent nuclear fuels and radioactive wastes.
- Radioactive materials are widely used in industrial, medical, research, agricultural purpose — their security is just as important to prevent and recover lost, stolen or orphaned sources.
- Otherwise, even the decayed and discarded nuke material can be used to make “dirty bombs.”
India’s commitment to Nuke Security
- We’ve donated one million US dollars to the Nuclear Security Fund of International Atomic Energy Agency.
- We are a member of the IAEA Commission on Nuclear Safety Standards
- We are participant in the IAEA’s Illicit Trafficking Database (ITDB), it disseminates information on confirmed reports about illicit trafficking and other unauthorized activities and events involving nuclear material.
- We also cooperate with the Interpol’s Radiological and Nuclear Terrorism Prevention Unit and the World Customs Organization.
- We enacted the Weapons of Mass Destruction and their Delivery Systems (Prohibition of Unlawful Activities) Act, 2005
- We are taking steps to minimize of use of HEU and upgrading our nuke plants accordingly. We have recently developed an Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR) that uses LEU fuel.
- We aim to establish an independent Nuclear Safety Regulatory Authority which will enhance oversight of nuclear security in India. (bill in parliament)
- We are party to
- International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism
- Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear Material