[Diplomacy] Durfur Conflict & South Sudan Independence: Timeline, Players, Similarities and differencesDevendra Vishwakarma
Donot confuse or mixup between Durfur and South Sudan. These are two separate conflicts with separate climaxes.
- What is Sudan?
- Background: Durfur and South Sudan
- Reasons for Conflict
- Players in Durfur conflict
- Players in South Sudan Independence Struggle
- Arrest Warrent against Omar Al Bashir
- North Vs South Sudan
- India’s response
What is Sudan?
- Area wise the largest nation of Africa.
- But in 2011, South Sudan became an independent nation, so now the largest country of Africa= Algeria.
Background: Durfur and South Sudan
- Sudan achieved independence from the British in 1956.
- But since the beginning, Sudan has been ruled from Khartoum by a small group of predominantly Arab elites hailing principally from the Nile River valley in central Sudan.
- Rather than working to develop Sudan’s economy, empower people in the peripheries of the country, and pull its citizens out of poverty, these elites have hoarded wealth and power for themselves
- Southern Sudan and Darfur each belong to this historically marginalized periphery. Successive governments in Khartoum have either ignored these regions or sought to suppress them militarily.
- As a result, southern Sudan and Darfur are two of the poorest, most war-torn, and most underdeveloped places on Earth.
- In both situations, rebel groups arose to fight for greater political control and increased access to the resources controlled by ruling elites in Khartoum.
- And in both situations the government in Khartoum responded by arming and training ethnically-based militias and granting them impunity to murder, rape, forcibly displace, and loot property from civilians the government accuses of supporting the rebellion.
Reasons for Conflict
|Durfur conflict||South Sudan independence movement|
|Location||Western Sudan||Common sense.|
|What is the problem?||
|Rebels fighting against Omar Al Bashir?||
||These are the Tribal Africans, following either Christianity or Animism.
|Northern Government||Southern Rebels|